Other relevant UN initiatives in Central Asia
Central Asia Regional Risk Assessment (CARRA)
The Central Asia Regional Risk Assessment (CARRA) process was initiated by the UNDP in 2008 in response to the high risks to which vulnerable populations in the region are exposed as a combined result of fragility of the region’s energy and water infrastructure, years of poor management of said infrastructure, and a decline in national as well as regional water and energy resources.
The process has since expanded to include other risks to which the populations of Central Asia are exposed, including those connected with food insecurity and natural disasters. Lack of institutional capacity for disaster preparedness, continuing barriers to regional coordination in improving energy and water supply, all point to a continuing high degree of risk and vulnerability.
In practice, CARRA is a coordination mechanism through which UN agencies and other members of the international community meet to ensure timely exchange of information on risks and related development challenges facing the region, with an emphasis on those which require regional solutions and cooperation. It is a forum which invites and generates research and analysis on different aspects of the risks facing the region, encourages coordination in risk-monitoring endeavors, promotes coordinated advocacy messages to ensure that the continuing vulnerability of the region remains on the agenda of governments and donor agencies, and coordinates efforts to build disaster preparedness throughout the region. In order to further ensure disaster preparedness, the CARRA process also strives to retain and enhance close relationships and coordination between humanitarian, early recovery, recovery and development initiatives in the region.Although the process has particularly focused on vulnerable communities in Tajikistan and the Kyrgyz Republic, the issues which are dealt with are relevant to all countries in the region.
Climate Risk Management (CA-CRM)
The UNDP's Central Asia Multi-Country Programme on Climate Risk Management (CA-CRM)
assists the five Central Asian countries to adjust their national
development processes to address risks posed by current climate variability and
future climate change. CA-CRM works to strengthen climate-related disaster
risk reduction and adaptive capacity, promote early action, and provide the
foundation for long-term investment to increase resilience to climate-related
impacts across the region.
On a national level,
in each of the five countries, the project works to
institutional frameworks and technical capacity to manage climate change risks
and opportunities in an integrated manner;
2) develop climate-resilient
strategies, policies and legislation in priority sectors and geographic areas;
3) expand financing options to meet national climate change adaptation costs;
4) implement climate change adaptation
interventions in priority sectors; and
5) disseminate knowledge on how to
incorporate climate change knowledge and risks into development processes at
national, sub-national and local levels.
On a regional level, the project focuses on
capacity to manage climate-related risks and opportunities;
2) sharing knowledge
on adjusting national development processes to fully incorporate
climate-related risks and opportunities; and
3) synthesizing and further developing knowledge on glacial melt in Central Asia.